escalas utilizadas no jazz
Image: guitarpedia.com.br


What are the scales used in jazz? It is a common question among musicians who want to learn to play this musical style.

Today we will be clarifying about this and also about some doubts that arise at the time of improvising in this musical style and that can leave the beginners confused.


What are the scales used in jazz?

We will not talk here about the jazz style itself, for this we have an article about the history of jazz in Brazil. The focus here is on jazz guitar as well as jazz on the keyboard and which scales are used in jazz to create solos and improvise in that style.

Jazz is a musical style that originated in New Orleans and is characterized mainly by the use of improvised solos that follow a theme (okay, we already understand that the focus is improvisation).

Many find that there are specific ranges of jazz, however, this is a big misconception. For almost any musical scale can be used in jazz.

But in the case of jazz fusion or blues jazz, for example, which are a variation of jazz mingling with other musical styles, there are specific scales for solar or improvising in these styles.



Even if any scale can be used in jazz, there are some that are made exclusively for this style, such as the ones we will show below.

The first example is the bebop scale, even though it is a scale focused on specific jazz, it consists of chromatisms, so we can conclude that it is based on the chromatic scale.

Another example is the larger bebop scale, which is similar to the larger scale, but has a change, or rather, has an increase of an increased fifth, see an example below:

Major natural scale: C-D-E-F-G-A-B

Larger bebop scale: C-D-E-F-G-G # -A-B


Important tip

The vast majority of jazz musicians do not use a scale to improvise in jazz, but they make use of harmonic progressions and improvise over them. This means that, starting from a chord or progression, you can use any mode (lithium, mixolid, Doric) that relates to the chords used, for example:

- If you have a progression with V - I - III (greater progression) it would be possible to use the V mode mixolídio or diminutive V or even the greater I mode (because our progression is greater).

So you do not attach to a scale, but to a base, and in it you can include the scales that fit the best.


Scales that best fit the jazz guitar or keyboard

Ok, we've seen so far that the scales used in jazz can be either. However, there are some scales that can help you play your first songs in this style more easily. The following will be showing some of them.

But first, a warning: As you practice, you can choose your own favorite scales to play jazz.

- Blues scale: the blues scale is one of those you can use to improvise in jazz, there are 3 free classes in Guitarpedia with teacher and guitarist Djalma Lima on the blues in jazz, check it by clicking on the link.

Harmonic minor scale: this is one of the scales used in jazz and it is similar to the smaller natural scale, having only one change in its seventh degree (instead of being smaller it gets bigger in this case);

Miniature Scale: Another of the scales used in jazz is the diminutive scale. It is known as a symmetric scale (we will soon be explaining what a symmetric scale or asymmetric scale is).

There is no other way, it is important that you practice every day to master the scales. And in the case of playing jazz on the guitar or keyboard, it is important to know and master the scales in your instrument to create solos and improvise.

With practice, in no time you will be improvising at any scale without the greatest difficulty.

Remembering once again that the scales used in jazz are any, but you may be making use of these that we quote, as they are easier to perform for those who are starting to improvise in this musical style.

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